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QValidator Class Reference
[QtGui module]

The QValidator class provides validation of input text. More...

Inherits QObject.

Inherited by QDoubleValidator, QIntValidator and QRegExpValidator.



Detailed Description

The QValidator class provides validation of input text.

The class itself is abstract. Two subclasses, QIntValidator and QDoubleValidator, provide basic numeric-range checking, and QRegExpValidator provides general checking using a custom regular expression.

If the built-in validators aren't sufficient, you can subclass QValidator. The class has two virtual functions: validate() and fixup().

validate() must be implemented by every subclass. It returns Invalid, Intermediate or Acceptable depending on whether its argument is valid (for the subclass's definition of valid).

These three states require some explanation. An Invalid string is clearly invalid. Intermediate is less obvious: the concept of validity is difficult to apply when the string is incomplete (still being edited). QValidator defines Intermediate as the property of a string that is neither clearly invalid nor acceptable as a final result. Acceptable means that the string is acceptable as a final result. One might say that any string that is a plausible intermediate state during entry of an Acceptable string is Intermediate.

Here are some examples:

fixup() is provided for validators that can repair some user errors. The default implementation does nothing. QLineEdit, for example, will call fixup() if the user presses Enter (or Return) and the content is not currently valid. This allows the fixup() function the opportunity of performing some magic to make an Invalid string Acceptable.

A validator has a locale, set with setLocale(). It is typically used to parse localized data. For example, QIntValidator and QDoubleValidator use it to parse localized representations of integers and doubles.

QValidator is typically used with QLineEdit, QSpinBox and QComboBox.

Type Documentation


This enum type defines the states in which a validated string can exist.

Constant Value Description
QValidator.Invalid 0 The string is clearly invalid.
QValidator.Intermediate 1 The string is a plausible intermediate value.
QValidator.Acceptable 2 The string is acceptable as a final result; i.e. it is valid.

Method Documentation

QValidator.__init__ (self, QObject parent = None)

The parent argument, if not None, causes self to be owned by Qt instead of PyQt.

Sets up the validator. The parent parameter is passed on to the QObject constructor.

QString input QValidator.fixup (self, QString input)

This function attempts to change input to be valid according to this validator's rules. It need not result in a valid string: callers of this function must re-test afterwards; the default does nothing.

Reimplementations of this function can change input even if they do not produce a valid string. For example, an ISBN validator might want to delete every character except digits and "-", even if the result is still not a valid ISBN; a surname validator might want to remove whitespace from the start and end of the string, even if the resulting string is not in the list of accepted surnames.

QValidator.fixup (self, QString)

QLocale QValidator.locale (self)

Returns the locale for the validator. The locale is by default initialized to the same as QLocale().

See also setLocale() and QLocale.QLocale().

QValidator.setLocale (self, QLocale locale)

Sets the locale that will be used for the validator. Unless setLocale has been called, the validator will use the default locale set with QLocale.setDefault(). If a default locale has not been set, it is the operating system's locale.

See also locale() and QLocale.setDefault().

(State, QString, int) QValidator.validate (self, QString, int)

This method is abstract and should be reimplemented in any sub-class.

This virtual function returns Invalid if input is invalid according to this validator's rules, Intermediate if it is likely that a little more editing will make the input acceptable (e.g. the user types "4" into a widget which accepts integers between 10 and 99), and Acceptable if the input is valid.

The function can change both input and pos (the cursor position) if required.

(State, int) QValidator.validate (self, QString, int)

This method is abstract and should be reimplemented in any sub-class.

PyQt 4.9.4 for WindowsCopyright © Riverbank Computing Ltd and Nokia 2012Qt 4.8.2