std::map

From cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | container
Defined in header <map>
template<

    class Key,
    class T,
    class Compare = std::less<Key>,
    class Allocator = std::allocator<std::pair<const Key, T> >

> class map;

std::map is a sorted associative container that contains key-value pairs with unique keys. Keys are sorted by using the comparison function Compare. Search, removal, and insertion operations have logarithmic complexity. Maps are usually implemented as red-black trees.

Everywhere the standard library uses the Compare concept, uniqueness is determined by using the equivalence relation. In imprecise terms, two objects a and b are considered equivalent (not unique) if neither compares less than the other: !comp(a, b) && !comp(b, a).

std::map meets the requirements of Container, AllocatorAwareContainer, AssociativeContainer and ReversibleContainer.

Contents

[edit] Member types

Member type Definition
key_type Key
mapped_type T
value_type std::pair<const Key, T>
size_type Unsigned integral type (usually std::size_t)
difference_type Signed integer type (usually std::ptrdiff_t)
key_compare Compare
allocator_type Allocator
reference
Allocator::reference (until C++11)
value_type& (since C++11)
const_reference
Allocator::const_reference (until C++11)
const value_type& (since C++11)
pointer
Allocator::pointer (until C++11)
std::allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer (since C++11)
const_pointer
Allocator::const_pointer (until C++11)
std::allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer (since C++11)
iterator BidirectionalIterator
const_iterator Constant bidirectional iterator
reverse_iterator std::reverse_iterator<iterator>
const_reverse_iterator std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator>

[edit] Member classes

compares objects of type value_type
(class)

[edit] Member functions

constructs the map
(public member function)
destructs the map
(public member function)
assigns values to the container
(public member function)
returns the associated allocator
(public member function)
Element access
(C++11)
access specified element with bounds checking
(public member function)
access specified element
(public member function)
Iterators
returns an iterator to the beginning
(public member function)
returns an iterator to the end
(public member function)
returns a reverse iterator to the beginning
(public member function)
(public member function)
Capacity
checks whether the container is empty
(public member function)
returns the number of elements
(public member function)
returns the maximum possible number of elements
(public member function)
Modifiers
clears the contents
(public member function)
inserts elements
(public member function)
inserts an element or assigns to the current element if the key already exists
(public member function)
(C++11)
constructs element in-place
(public member function)
(C++11)
constructs elements in-place using a hint
(public member function)
(C++17)
inserts in-place if the key does not exist, does nothing if the key exists
(public member function)
erases elements
(public member function)
swaps the contents
(public member function)
Lookup
returns the number of elements matching specific key
(public member function)
finds element with specific key
(public member function)
returns range of elements matching a specific key
(public member function)
returns an iterator to the first element not less than the given key
(public member function)
returns an iterator to the first element greater than the given key
(public member function)
Observers
returns the function that compares keys
(public member function)
returns the function that compares keys in objects of type value_type
(public member function)

[edit] Non-member functions

lexicographically compares the values in the map
(function template)
specializes the std::swap algorithm
(function template)